About Bulgaria
Bulgaria lies in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.The country is 520 km long and 330 km wide. It borders the Black Sea and the Danube river and is at a convenient and strategic crossroad location between Europe and Asia. -History: The Bulgarian State was established in AD 681 by Khan Asparouh. In AD 855, the brothers Cyril and Methodius, later canonized as saints, invented a S...
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About Bulgaria
 
Bulgaria lies in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula.The country is 520 km long and 330 km wide. It borders the Black Sea and the Danube river and is at a convenient and strategic crossroad location between Europe and Asia.

History:

The Bulgarian State was established in AD 681 by Khan Asparouh. In AD 855, the brothers Cyril and Methodius, later canonized as saints, invented a Slavonic script (the Cyrillic alphabet is named after Cyril). Bulgaria converted to Eastern Orthodox Christianity in 864-866. Throughout its 13th-century history, Bulgaria has played a key role in the region. Its location makes the country a natural bridge between East and West, North and South. The road from London to Calcutta, from Antiquity to Modernity, ran across the Bulgarian lands. Bulgaria's location makes it a crossroads of cultures and civilizations, and its landscape a convenient living place for different communities.

Local time:

GMT+ 2


Climate:

Temperate continental (2, 000 to 2, 400 hours of sunshine per year). Four seasons. Dry and hot summer, mean temperature+ 23?C (April-September). Cold winter with snowfalls, mean temperature 0?C. Mean annual temperature 10.5?C.


Population

8,428,006


Language

Bulgarian.
English, German, French and Russian is spoken in the country's resorts, hotels and restaurants.


Alphabet

Cyrillic. Signs along international motorways, in airports and resorts are also spelled in Roman letters.


- Aa - Kk - Ff
- Bb - Ll - Hh
- Vv - Mm - Ts ts
- Gg - Nn - Ch Ch
- Dd - Oo - Sh sh
- Ee - Pp - Sht sht
- Zh zh - Rr - Uu
- Zz - Ss - .....
- Ii - Tt - Yu yu
- Ii - Ou ou - Ya ya



Religion

86.6% of the population is Eastern Orthodox, 13% are Muslims. The Bulgarian Church is autonomous and headed by a Patriarch.

State government

Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic.

Official holidays

January 1 - New Year
March 3 - Bulgaria's Liberation from Ottoman rule - the National Day
Easter - one week after the Catholic Easter
May 1 - Labor Day
May 6 - Bulgarian Army Day
May 24 - Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture and the Slav Script
September 6 - Bulgaria's Unification
September 22 - Independence Day
December 25-26 - Christmas


Capital

Sofia (pop. 1,141,000)


Large Cities

Plovdiv, Varna, Veliko Turnovo, Sliven, Stara Zagora


Air transport:

Balkan Air Tour is the flag-carrier. It flies to more than fifty destinations in Europe, Asia, Africa and America. Apart from scheduled international flights, there are charter flights for tourists in winter and summer. Domestic services are available to the Black Sea ports of Varna and Bourgas. Sofia Airport enquiries: 720 672 (international flights), 722 414 (domestic flights).
Charter companies operating flights from major UK and Dublin airports. In addition, Czech, Austrian and Malev operate flights from UK to Sofia ( 1 change) on a daily basis from Dublin and UK.

Hotels:

One- to five-star hotels. Advance booking is recommended. Major credit cards accepted.

Restaurants:

Wide variety of cuisines. Along with traditional Bulgarian cuisine, many restaurants in and outside Sofia offer Italian, French, Greek, Chinese, German, Arab, Hungarian, Latin American, Indian and Russian cuisines.

Car hire:

Major international rent-a-car companies have offices in the arrivals lounge at Sofia Airport, downtown Sofia, the country and the holiday resorts.

National currency:

Bulgarian lev (pl. leva). Fractional coins are called 'stotinki' (100 stotinki = 1 lev). The exchange rate against the euro is fixed at Lv 1.95583/EUR 1.

Electricity:

mains voltage 220 V/50 Hz, round two-pin plugs.